This Wiki page describes one of the not included in any release download. This daily summary file (its formal title is shortened to "day" plus "file") uses a and is created in data sub-folder of your Cumulus installation when Cumulus needs to store its first line in this file.
About this file
If you import historic data from before you started using Cumulus into Standard log files, then the daily summary for that imported data can be summarised into dayfile.txt line format (and a dayfile.txt file created/updated) using any of the approaches described on the calculate missing values page of this Wiki.
How Cumulus Creates and Updates this file
Cumulus reads values supplied by your weather station, converts them to the units you prefer, applies any calibration (multiplier and offset) you have set, and then sees if the resulting value implies needs to be updated (these hold derived values like totals, highest, and lowest). Two of those files are today.ini and yesterday.ini and values from those two files are exacted (see linked Wiki pages for how entries in those files map across to the daily summary file) at the end of a meteorological day to calculate the necessary fields for a new line to be added to this file.
As explained on the "meteorological day" page linked above, if your weather station stores weather data, then Cumulus on restarting can (optionally) read the historic data and catch-up by processing those past readings (as per description in start of previous paragraph), including activating any end of day actions (see today.ini), for the period since it was last running.
How to view or edit this file
An editor has been included within Cumulus (look up the linked pages for screen shots):
- From release 3.4.5 (13 Mar 2020) onwards: In the interface go to Data logs menu and select Dayfile
- Note for obsolete version 1.9.0 to 1.9.3: There is a bug in these versions in that 'Create missing' inserts 'heating and cooling degree day' values the wrong way round.
- Note for obsolete version 1.9.3 only: Create missing might in some cases be affected by a bug in 1.9.3 that can cause lines to be stored in incorrect date order (dayfile.txt uses dd.mm.yy, dd/mm/yy or dd-mm-yy, for its date field; and all lines should be in ascending chronological order)
- There are no known bugs for dayfile.txt handling in version 1.9.4 builds 1086 to 1101. Build 1099 is the standard stable final release of Cumulus 1 for most weather station types, 1100 and 1101 are for specific weather station types.
- Cumulus 2 has no viewing option
- From version 1.9.2 (5th October 2011) to final legacy release: On Main Screen from Edit menu select Dayfile.txt
For detailed information, please see viewing/editing dayfile.txt.
You might also find it useful to read Correcting Extremes page for information about fixing other files where the highest/lowest/total recorded for day has been corrupted by rogue values.
Reading the file
See Daily Summary page for a full discussion of ways, external to Cumulus, to read this file.
Apart from the viewing/editing options just described, Cumulus software reads this daily summary file in various other circumstances depending on the release you are running.
The legacy Cumulus has a number of screens for viewing data for various periods, these use several of the for their source, including "dayfile.txt". The Select a graph feature also uses several of the for their source, including "dayfile.txt". Thus the legacy software only reads the file when the Cumulus user makes a specific request, in normal operation the existing content is ignored, and the end of day action uses a simple "append" instruction.
From release 3.9.2 - b3097 (7 Dec 2020), MX reads the entire dayfile.txt file, to drive the historic charts functionality; both in the admin interface, and the example included Historic Charts web page. Consequently, any error in say the date field (or change of separating character) will stop historic charts working.
Specific issues for MX
WARNING: It is important to note that MX is very fussy about consistency in all lines of dayfile.txt.
Date field: Cumulus 1 (C1) did not care what character (or characters) separated the day, month, and year elements of the date field. MX insists that the same character (or characters), as defined in the locale, is used for all lines in file.
Real number fields: MX uses the locale to decide what character (decimal comma or decimal point) separates integer and decimal parts of numbers. Every line of the file must be consistent in use of integer/decimal separator. C1 used the Region settings in Microsoft's Control Panel to determine how to store (and output) numbers for you, but (except if list separation character was comma) was fairly tolerant when reading old data in files.
Number of fields: The number of fields in the file increases in various versions as shown in #List_of_fields.
- C1 will accept (as did Cumulus 2) any line with 15 to 45 fields in it. This is because the earliest version only stored 15 fields, as C1 was developed fields were added (as shown in field list) until there were 45 fields.
- MX too has added fields as the software has developed, and it even (as shown in field list) inadvertently added 2 fields later removed. The difference is that MX (for some functionality from release 3.4.5, for all functionality from release 3.9.5) reads the whole file into an array with a fixed number of elements, therefore every line ends up with same number of fields when written back into file. If you have some lines in your file that were created by an earlier release of Cumulus, and so have less than whatever is the current number of fields for the release you are using, you can add the missing derived fields, please see Calculate Missing Values page. Please ensure you use the right version of the "Create Missing" utility mentioned on that page as it also get upgraded when fields are added.
Why this file should be backed up
As explained here Cumulus only logs periodic spot values as it works through processing the values it processes from your weather station. Therefore the Standard log files may not include any maximum or minimum values supplied by your weather station. However, on a day-by-day basis these should be preserved in this daily summary file.
Thus it is worth backing up this file, to another device than that running Cumulus, on a regular basis, probably a few times a week, to ensure this precious data is not lost if your device running Cumulus has a malfunction (or is damaged), or an electrical blip (or mistake by you) causes corruption to the original file,
Cumulus does periodically copy this file within the installation, but the copies are only kept for a limited time, and so your main file is corrupted you might not be able to go far back enough for an uncorrupted file:
- The file is backed up when MX is restarted into a date/time stamped sub-folder of the backup folder
- The file is also backed up (to a date/time stamped sub-folder within daily sub-folder of that backup sub-folder) during the end of day process, depending on the release you are running the back up copy may, or may not, include the line that is appended in the same end of day
Retention of these back ups:
- MX only keeps the last 9 of the date/time stamped subfolders.
- Legacy Cumulus 1 only keeps up to 8 of the date/time stamped subfolders.
List of fields in dayfile.txt
For your installed build please see dayfileheader.txt (stored within the folder that contains your Cumulus executable), as that will list which fields your Cumulus installation uses.
If you have been using Cumulus for a while, you may wonder which of your log file lines might be shorter, so the table below shows fields grouped by the Cumulus version when those fields were added.
Information shown in the table
- The fields are now numbered starting from 1 to fit in with Cumulus MX where when the log file is read, the processing code adds a line number in front of the date field on each line it holds.
- The Cumulus MX user may not be aware of this happening as it is within the internal workings, where data from the file is transferred to an array, or from the array is written back to the file.
- By using line numbers, MX is able to identify which line has been deleted or edited ignoring the date (although unlike Cumulus 1, MX does not allow you to change a date)
- Cumulus 1 does not actually number lines, it counts lines as it reads them, so if there is an error when it reads the file, the original Cumulus will report the line number where it first found an error.
- The original table below was for Cumulus 1 and then field number was starting from zero. So in some forum posts you might see references to old numbering, in others to new numbering. The old numbering from zero had two advantages:
- Cumulus 1 stressed that the date field was different to the rest, as it was used as identifier. The date must be a unique identifier, the same date should not be repeated in another line, however Cumulus 1's editor allows you to change that date field.
- The remaining fields were all either numerical values, or a time paired with preceding numerical value. Cumulus 1 actually enforces this pairing (i.e. it validates that a time is present where it is needed).
- The alphabetic column identifiers used by many spreadsheets are shown, please remember to select options in your spreadsheet to ensure all columns are set to "text" format, you will corrupt this file if you let your spreadsheet recognise content as dates or time, or change the number of decimal places.
- The type of field is shown in the table, you must not include a sign for an unsigned field, you can not specify a decimal point in an integer field, all time fields must use HH:mm format
- The field description is shown, together with references to where that terminology is explained
List of Fields
|Field number||Spreadsheet column||Field type||Description|
|0||For internal MX purposes, the zero field identifies a field that holds the line number. It is not actually stored as a field in the log file, but precedes any line exchanged via an application programming interface, and therefore is also included in an array representing all the fields in any log file line.
If you are processing this log file using a third party (or your own) script, that probably does not place the line number into any array, and your array elements will start at 0 for the field labelled 1 in this table, so putting all field numbers out by 1.
|Those fields included below have been in dayfile.txt from the start of Cumulus 1 (Version 1.0, the First release on 27th January 2004).|
|1||A||8 characters||Date as 2 figure day [separator] 2 figure month [separator] 2 figure year - the separator is that set in the windows system short date format (see setup)|
|2||B||Unsigned number||Highest wind gust speed|
|3||C||unsigned integer||Bearing of highest wind gust|
|4||D||5 characters||Time of highest wind gust|
|5||E||signed decimal||Minimum temperature|
|6||F||5 characters||Time of minimum temperature|
|7||G||signed decimal||Maximum temperature|
|Consistency Note: In some cases Minimum comes before Maximum, in other cases Maximum is before Mimum|
|8||H||5 characters||Time of maximum temperature|
|9||I||Unsigned number||Minimum sea level pressure|
|10||J||5 characters||Time of minimum pressure|
|11||K||Unsigned number||Maximum sea level pressure|
|12||L||5 characters||Time of maximum pressure|
|13||M||unsigned number||Maximum rainfall rate|
|14||N||5 characters||Time of maximum rainfall rate|
|15||O||unsigned number||Total rainfall for the day|
|Above here represents the minimum length for every line, a count of 15 items|
|[There is no record of which version added this next field. The Cumulus Support Forum, while it was hosted by Steve Loft, moved to new forum software (phpBBB3) on 2 Jun 2008, and started afresh without retaining any previous content. Therefore all announcements about the content of each build prior to version 1.7.9 were lost. All that can be deduced is that it was between versions 1.2.5 and 1.5.1 as these do not appear in the release history issued by Steve Loft. The first mention of it in the new forum was not until December 2008, but that was not about when it was released. A web tag for this variable was added in Build 978 of 1.9.1 beta, which was obviously long after it was first calculated.
Because of that, in "DataEditor.cs" (part of the source code that is compiled into CumulusMX.exe) this addition has "Extended for ???" as a comment]
|16||P||signed decimal||Average temperature for the day|
|(Wind run was added from version 1.8.4)|
|17||Q||unsigned number||Daily wind run|
|(The next pair of entries were added from version 1.8.9 build 907 (June 2010) as part of a total redesign of how dayfile.txt was implemented in Cumulus 1)|
|18||R||unsigned number||Highest Average Wind Speed|
|19||S||5 characters||Time of Highest Avg. Wind speed|
|(The two pairs of humidity entries were added in October 2010, a v 1.9.0 beta, the exact build number is now lost)|
|20||T||unsigned integer||Lowest humidity|
|21||U||5 characters||Time of lowest humidity|
|22||V||unsigned integer||Highest humidity|
|23||W||5 characters||Time of highest humidity|
|(The next two entries were added from version 1.9.0)|
|24||X||(not documented)||Total evapotranspiration (Only valid for Davis stations, shows zero otherwise)|
|25||Y||unsigned||Total hours of sunshine (only valid if sunshine sensor connected)
Important if rollover time is 9 am or 10 am: Most fields in this file are updated taking information from today.ini. For a non-midnight rollover, then the Sunshine hours reported here is from 00:01 on the calendar date corresponding to the date in the first field of this file, to subsequent midnight, and that end time is 9 or 10 hours before when this file is updated. Meanwhile, the sunshine hours count has been reset and so the figure in today.ini is not what is wanted here. For that reason the sunshine hours reported here are taken from yesterday.ini.
|(The next 16 entries were added from version 1.9.1 May 2011)|
|26||Z||signed decimal||High Heat index (added to Cumulus in 1.7.11 only as spot value, not stored)|
|27||AA||5 characters||Time of high heat index|
|28||AB||Signed decimal||High Apparent temperature|
|29||AC||5 characters||Time of high apparent temperature|
|30||AD||signed decimal||Low apparent temperature|
|31||AE||5 characters||Time of low apparent temperature|
|32||AF||unsigned number||High hourly rain|
|33||AG||5 characters||Time of high hourly rain|
|34||AH)||signed decimal||Greatest wind chill (high wind speed, low temperature) (calculated since version 1.8.3 as spot value, not stored)|
|35||AI||5 characters||Time of greatest wind chill|
|(The next two pairs for dew point were added in version 1.9.2 beta build)|
|36||AJ||signed decimal||High dew point|
|37||AK||5 characters||Time of high dew point|
|38||AL||signed decimal||Low dew point|
|39||AM)||5 characters||Time of low dew point|
|(The next three entries were added in version 1.9.2 Build 1004)|
|40||AN||unsigned integer||Today's dominant/average wind direction|
|41||AO||unsigned decimal||Heating degree days|
|42||AP||unsigned decimal||Cooling degree days|
|The next two pairs were added in version 1.9.3 build 1036 (these only show valid values if appropriate sensors exist)|
|43||AQ||unsigned decimal||High solar radiation|
|44||AR||5 characters||Time of high solar radiation|
|45||AS||unsigned decimal||High UV Index|
|46||AT||5 characters||Time of high UV Index|
|The next two pairs were added in version 3.6.0, 2 more derived values and their times|
|47||AU||signed decimal||High Feels Like temperature|
|48||AV||5 characters||Time of high feels like temperature|
|49||AW||signed decimal||Low Feels Like temperature|
|50||AX||5 characters||Time of low feels like temperature|
|The next two pairs were added in version 3.6.12
|51||AY||signed decimal||High Canadian Humidity Index or Humidex|
|52||AZ||5 characters||Time of high Humidex|
|Just confirming that the next 2 fields were included by mistake in an emergency release (3.6.12), and are not included in current nor any other version, so have labelled them as error.|
|53 (error)||BA||signed decimal||Labelled as Low Humidex, but not used, (appear in 3.6.12, but no other version)|
|54 (error)||BB||5 characters||Labelled as Time of low Humidex, but not used, (appear in 3.6.12, but no other version)|
|The next value was added in 3.12.0|
|53 (new)||BA||unsigned decimal||Cumulative Chill Hours since start of season|
Example of the file
An extract of a few lines of the dayfile.txt
01/08/11,19.3,61,10:22,12.5,06:58,23.8,14:49,1014.26,20:46,1018.83,09:28,0.0,00:00,0.0,17.8,21.6,4.6,10:44,36,14:14,86,01:56,3.56,8.9,23.8,14:49,23.1,14:50,12.3,06:59,0.0,00:00,12.5,06:58,11.3,00:16,6.9,14:34,354,2.0,1.5 02/08/11,16.1,20,16:55,14.7,06:45,24.2,13:54,1013.79,19:13,1015.65,11:14,0.0,00:00,0.0,18.9,13.7,8.0,15:55,42,20:42,85,06:50,2.79,4.9,24.2,13:54,24.3,13:55,15.1,06:40,0.0,00:00,14.7,06:45,14.8,11:59,7.0,21:09,57,1.0,1.7 03/08/11,14.5,36,17:23,14.9,05:50,24.6,14:46,1012.70,18:44,1015.99,08:34,0.0,00:00,0.0,19.4,17.2,4.8,16:04,50,14:38,79,07:04,3.05,5.8,24.6,14:46,25.4,14:47,15.0,05:50,0.0,00:00,14.9,05:50,14.2,20:01,8.9,00:16,32,0.8,1.9 04/08/11,17.7,16,15:43,14.1,06:20,25.3,15:06,1013.08,18:42,1015.31,08:28,0.0,00:00,0.0,20.2,19.4,8.1,14:12,52,18:20,92,06:55,3.30,9.1,25.3,15:06,26.8,14:55,14.9,06:20,0.0,00:00,14.1,06:20,15.8,14:55,12.5,06:25,36,1.0,2.9 05/08/11,16.1,32,12:52,14.2,06:12,22.2,14:07,1013.89,00:01,1016.36,09:43,0.0,00:00,0.0,18.6,21.6,5.2,13:00,62,15:57,87,06:11,3.30,8.4,22.2,14:07,23.5,14:10,14.8,07:19,0.0,00:00,14.2,06:12,15.4,10:33,12.0,06:03,34,0.9,1.3 06/08/11,16.1,309,11:15,14.3,05:29,22.4,17:12,1014.46,20:02,1016.97,10:38,0.0,00:00,0.0,18.4,19.2,5.5,16:21,55,13:33,92,05:20,2.79,7.9,22.4,17:12,23.3,18:17,15.1,06:09,0.0,00:00,14.3,05:29,14.2,18:12,10.9,10:38,32,1.1,1.3 07/08/11,17.7,342,13:24,12.9,05:47,24.1,14:53,1013.92,19:49,1016.43,09:36,0.0,00:00,0.0,18.4,19.1,6.3,14:06,48,12:45,89,05:36,3.30,9.0,24.1,14:53,24.6,15:48,13.3,05:47,0.0,00:00,12.9,05:47,14.6,15:52,10.7,11:33,11,1.6,1.7